The Plague: the greatest single catastrophe ever

The years between the years 1346 to 1353 witnessed one of the most catastrophic events in the history of mankind. The cause of this catastrophic event was none other than the Black death disease which much of the western hemisphere during that time. During the period of the plague, one thing was a common activity and occurrence and that was the fact that the people of that time grew quite accustomed to carrying out dead bodies with the intent of having them buried. Everywhere you turn to, there was always one funeral or the other happening, there were graves basically everywhere for those who could afford it, while those who were not all that financially stable had to make do with deep pits where bodies were dumped.

The catastrophic scale

There were accounts of some cities losing up to 60% of its entire population to the plague. Accounts of a place like Venice showed that there were deaths of enormous proportions of up to 60%, same also was accounted In Sienna. The plague was recorded to have originated from the epidemic of bubonic plague, a disease that takes its root from the disease bacterium Yersinia pestis which finds its way in the population of rodents that are wild especially where they find themselves in great numbers. The area where you find these pathogens was termed the plague focus. one major way the plague found itself in certain places was simply through ships. The rats found themselves crossing regions where they would hitherto not have been able to, even in situation s where the distances were much and the infested rats die, the fleas found a way of surviving until they found a new host. It, therefore, suffices to say that the plague was, in fact, an insect-borne disease.

Russia conquered by the plague

Historically speaking, Russia has always found a way of withstanding enemies, for instance, Hitler could not breach the Russians, neither could Napoleon conquer them, however, the Black death was able to achieve what this man and more could not. It first found its way into the territory of Novgorod in the later parts of the year 1351 and then found itself In Pskov before the winter came and subdued the epidemic; the meaning of this is that the disease did not break out in full proportion until the early spring part of 1352. By the year 1353, Moscow was in disarray, and somehow, the disease found its way to the border of the Golden Horde. From Elbin, and a part of Germany, the plague found itself in Poland.


As catastrophic as the scale of the plague may appear, it is quite surprising to note that there were some regions of the world that actually found a way to not be a victim of the plague. Chief among this category are Iceland and Finland, the reasons for this could probably be due to their little population and also maybe because of their limited contact with the outside world as at then.
In conclusion, it is important to point out that the dramatic reduction in the population of Europe all but became a lasting and characteristic feature of the medieval society as other epidemics found a way to follow suit. The events of the great plague that occurred between 1346-53 are like never been seen and therefore will always be an integral part of history.